Research Activities

The aim of my research is to study the long-term relationship between gender equality and economic growth. To do so, I rely on insights from sociologists, demographers, historians and anthropologists, even if my approach remains that of an economist specialized in cliometrics.  As a main area of expertise, I focus on the iconic case of France – in a European comparative perspective – using transversal and longitudinal data, ranging from the 18th century.

My research is stimulated by a twofold motivation: on the one hand, the conviction that  the understanding of comparative economic development today requires a global view of the entire process of development; on the other hand, that  the  promotion of gender equality and the economic and social empowerment of women is essential to achieve sustainable development.

  • Papers in Refereed Journals

    1. “Can the Historical Gender Gap Index Deepen our Understanding of Economic Development?”, Journal of Demographic Economics, (Forthcoming), 2021.                                                                                                   
    2. Gender Gap in Numeracy and the Role of Marital Status”, Revue d'Économie Politique, 130, pp. 51-76, 2020.                                                                                                                                                                                    
    3. How Far Can Economic Incentives Explain the French Fertility and Education Transition?” (avec D. de la Croix), European Economic Review, 108, pp. 221-245, 2018.                                                                                      
    4. Economic and Demographic Interactions in Post-World War France: A Gendered Approach”, (avec M. Jaoul-Grammare), Revue d'Économie Politique, 127(6), 2017.                                                                                             
    5. Behind the fertility–education nexus: what triggered the French development process?”, (avec C. Diebolt et A.-R.Menard, European Review of Economic History, 21(4), pp.357–392, 2017.                                                   
    6. Gender equality in human capital and fertility in the European regions in the past”, (avec R. Hippe), Investigaciones de  Historia Económica-Economic History Research, 13, pp. 166-179, 2017.                               
    7. Le ‘Paradoxe’ Démographico- Économique”, (avec C. Diebolt), Revue d’Économie Financière, 2(122), pp. 103-112, 2016.                                                                                                                                                                 
    8. An Exploration of the Cliometric Relationship Between Gender Equality and Economic Growth”, Economics and Business Review, 1 (1), pp. 34-54, 2015.                                                                                                       
    9. The Foundations of Female Empowerment Revisited”, (with C. Diebolt), Revue d’Économie Politique, 124 (4), pp. 587-597, 2014.                                                                                                                                                    
    10. Retour sur les origines de la transition démographique. Une analyse en termes de genre”,  Économies et Sociétés, Série « Histoire économique quantitative », AF, n°46, 7/2013, pp. 1185-1211, 2013.                                                    
    11. From Stagnation to Sustained Growth: The Role of Female Empowerment” (with C. Diebolt), American Economic Review, Papers & Proceedings, 103 (3), pp. 545-549, 2013.                                                                                 
    12. Unified Growth Theory: An Insight”, Historical Social Research. An International Journal for the Application of Formal Methods to History, 36 (3), pp. 362-372, 2011.                                                                               
    13. Égalité hommes-femmes et croissance économique française, de long terme”, Économies et Sociétés, Série « Histoire économique quantitative », AF, n°41, 1/2010, pp. 69-103, 2010.

  • Book Chapters

  • Growth Theories” (with C. Diebolt), in: C. Diebolt, and M. Haupert, (Eds.): Handbook of Cliometrics, Editions Springer, Berlin, 2015, 2019.

  • Book - Dissertation

  • Working Papers








      • Seminar, Bank of Italy, Rome, June 1 (scheduled).
      • LSE Economic History Seminar, London School of Economics and Political Science, May 26 (scheduled).
      • Macrohistory Seminar, Institute for Macroeconomics and Econometrics, University of Bonn, January 21.


      • Odense Fresh Meeting, University of Southern Denmark, November 20-21.
      • History Association Annual Meeting, Nashville, September 11-13.
      • European Historical Economics Society Conference, Pisa, September 4-5.
      • XVIIth World Economic History Congress, Kyoto, August 3-7.
      • 24th IAFFE Annual Conference – Gender Equality in Challenging Times, Berlin, July 16-18.
      • 64th Annual Meeting of the French Economic Association, Rennes, June 22-24.
      • German Economic History Conference: Order and chaos – Trends and Structural Breaks in Economic and Social History, Münster, March 11-14.
      • Women in Changing Labor Markets Workshop, Lund, March 11-13.
      • HEDG Seminar, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, March 3.

      • Deep Causes of Economic Development, Utrecht University, December 18-20.
      • Debunking Austerity: Towards Alternative Economic Policy Scenarios, Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, Pisa, November 17-18.
      • Economic Seminar, Université Catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, September 23.
      • Journée du BETA 2014, Strasbourg, March 21.

      • 62nd Annual Meeting of AFSE, Invited Session, Aix-en-Provence, June 24-26.
      • ASSA Meeting (Allied Social Science Associations), American Economic Association, San Diego, January 4-6.
      • 9th BETA-Workshop in Historical Economics: “New Data, Methods and Theories in Cliometrics”, Poster Session, Strasbourg, May 3-4.

      • XIV Colloque de l’Association Charles Gide pour l’étude de la pensée économique, Nice-Sophia Antipolis, June 7-9.
      • Journée Doctorale Augustin Cournot, Strasbourg, June 1.
      • 8th BETA-Workshop in Historical Economics: “Population Cliometrics and Unified Growth Theory”, Strasbourg, May 11-12.
      • Pisa FRESH Meeting, Pisa, April 19-20.

      • ASSA Meeting (Allied Social Science Associations), Cliometric Society, Denver, January 7-9.
      • 9th EHES Conference, Dublin, September 2-3.
      • Second joint doctoral workshop of University of Strasbourg/BETA and KIT, Strasbourg, November 4.

      • 5th Sound Economic History Workshop, Lund, October 7-8.
      • Workshop on Human Capital in Economic History. Measurement, Determinants and Implication, Tübingen, August 28-29.


      Department of Economic History

      School of Economics and Management

      Box 7083, SE-22007 Lund, Sweden

      Phone: +46 46 22 20 465